Zonal geranium care and overwinter guide

Zonal geranium is a common plant for the garden. There are also many showier varieties that make beautiful and rewarding houseplants. These special pelargoniums have graced sunny windows for many decades.

Leaf variegation often appears in halo patterns, with a red or bronze halo ringing the leaf’s center and white bands or splashes near the margin. Varieties with mostly green leaves are valued for their flowers, which often are produced year-round when plants are pruned periodically to force out new growth.

Three little known facts about Zonal geranium plants

What does Zonal geranium even mean?

Zonal geraniums get their name from the “zone” striping through the middle of their leaves. The colors are red, blue, or purple color. This physical attribute is a helpful way to distinguish a zonal geranium from other types of Geranium

Zonal geraniums get their name from the “zone” striping through the middle of their leaves.
Zonal geraniums get their name from the “zone” striping through the middle of their leaves.

How long can zonal geranium live?

Zonal geraniums can live up to 3 years. However, you can make it to live indefinitely by propagating it from rooted stem cuttings.

Where did geraniums come from?

Geranium originates from South Africa. At present, you can find more than 250 wild species of geranium still growing in Africa. The first geranium came to Europe at the beginning of the 17th century

At present, you can find more than 250 wild species of geranium still growing in Africa
At present, you can find more than 250 wild species of geranium still growing in Africa

Zonal geranium plants care guide

Light

Zonal geranium is one of the best flowers for full sun. They like to receive at least six hours of sunlight each day. I usually put mine in their favorite spot – a place with a lot of bright light from a south or west window.

Zonal geranium is one of the best flowers for full sun
Zonal geranium is one of the best flowers for full sun

Temperature

Zonal geranium temperature tolerance range is from cool to average room temperatures (60–75°F/16–24°C).

Watering and fertilize tips for geranium

Allow soil to dry to within 1 in/2.5 cm of the surface between waterings, but do not allow the roots to become so dry that the plants wilt.

I usually feed my geranium plants every 2 weeks with a balanced houseplant fertilizer in summer

Soil for geranium

Any good potting soil that drains well. I always add a handful of sand to standard potting soil to improve drainage when potting geraniums. Try to repot the plant annually in spring to provide a clean pot and fresh potting soil. This will give the plant a fresh start. It will reward you with a lot of flowers in summer

I always add a handful of sand to standard potting soil to improve drainage when potting geraniums
I always add a handful of sand to standard potting soil to improve drainage when potting geraniums

Propagation. How to grow geraniums from cuttings

When new growth emerges in spring, take 3–4 in/7.5–10 cm-long stem tip cuttings and root them. Some varieties are much easier to propagate than others.

How to coax bedding geranium into bloom?

Coaxing bedding geraniums, which also are zonal types, into bloom is very easy. In late summer, I gradually move outdoor-grown plants to shadier quarters to acclimate them to reduced light.

Coaxing bedding geraniums, which also are zonal types, into bloom is very easy

Even when acclimated, zonal geraniums often shed half their leaves when they are moved indoors, so it’s a normal thing. Don’t be alarmed. Clean up after them, and prune off up to half of the long, brittle branches. Blooming should resume after 3 to 5 weeks.

Geranium winter care. How to overwintering zonal geranium

I usually bring the plant inside in winter before the first frost
I usually bring the plant inside in winter before the first frost

Zonal geraniums can grow health in containers with little care. I usually bring the plant inside in winter before the first frost. You want to cut the plants half the normal size, dig it up and transplant into the container. Remember to inspect the plants for any sign of disease. I recommend using a potting mix that drains well. Throughout the winter, place the plants in a cool location with bright, direct sunlight. Water the plant as normal.

How to make geraniums flower in winter – John Lord’s Secret Garden

Display tips

Once-popular dwarf varieties with variegated leaves, such as Skies of Italy, are well worth seeking out. In addition, some zonal have scented leaves, including pink-flowered ‘Roger’s Delight’, ‘Prince Rupert Variegated’, and many others.

Roger’s Delight
Roger’s Delight
Prince Rupert Variegated
Prince Rupert Variegated
Ivy leaf geranium
Ivy leaf geranium
Horseshoe geranium
Horseshoe geranium

How to grow geraniums in pots

There are many ways to draw out the beauty of Geraniums. The easiest one is to grow geraniums in good quality terracotta pots that feature simple relief patterns.

Grow geraniums in good quality terracotta pots that feature simple relief patterns.

Geraniums are among the cheeriest plants you can grow in an office that includes a spot of bright sunlight. They will reward you with beautiful flamboyant flowers years around

How to plant geraniums in hanging baskets

When growing geranium in hanging baskets uses the standard good potting mix that drains well. Remember to let the soil dry 1-2 cms between watering. Hanging baskets of zonal geraniums can give a little Italian touch to your balcony

When growing geranium in hanging baskets uses the standard good potting mix that drains well

How I deadhead my geraniums

I always deadhead my geranium whenever I see the bloom look brown or weak. When deadheading your geraniums, you need to go snap the stem below its node or joint, where new growth begins. If you just simply pull off the top flowers, you missed the chance to promote new growth and bloom

Guzmania lingulata plant care. How to care for Scarlet star bromeliad plant

Guzmania lingulata plant care. How to care for Scarlet star bromeliad plant

Guzmania Lingulata plants are also referred to as Scarlet star plants. This is a popular plant of choice from the Bromeliad family. This plants’ native range in Southeast Mexico to Tropical America. Many older strains of scarlet start grew quite tall, but most modern named varieties are smaller, reaching a mature size of 10 in/25 cm tall and 12 in/30 cm wide.

This bromeliad has a rather upright posture, and its glossy green leaves add to its appeal. A flamboyant bloomer, in its third or fourth-year scarlet star, produces a brightly colored quilled spike, which emerges just above the foliage in the plant’s center. As the flower spike fades, usually 6 or more weeks after it appears, pups emerge from near the base of the Guzmania lingulata plant. Although scarlet star appreciates high humidity, it is less demanding of light than other bromeliads, and often grows beautifully in the bright artificial light of offices.

Guzmania lingulata produces flamboyant flower
Guzmania lingulata produces flamboyant flower

Guzmania lingulata plant specification

Light: Scalet star plants love moderate to bright year-round, with no direct sun; grows well with bright fluorescent light.

Temperature: Average to warm (65–80°F/18–27°C) year-round.

Fertilizer: Feed monthly year-round with a houseplant fertilizer mixed at half the normal strength. Feed leaves, roots, and reservoir.

Water: Keep a cup filled with at least 1 in/2.5 cm of water, and dribble enough water to the roots to keep them lightly moist. Empty old water from a cup every 2 to 3 weeks and promptly replace it. Leach pots once during the summer to remove accumulated salts.

Soil: Guzmania lingulata prefers bromeliad or orchid potting soil.

Scarlet star is very similar to orchid in term of caring
Guzmania lingulata is very similar to orchid in term of caring

Repotting: Repot annually in spring until the plant fills a 6 in/15 cm pot. Small pots help induce blooming in mature plants.

Propagation: Remove the offsets of your guzmania lingulata plant and pot them up when they are at least 3 in/7.5 cm tall. Maintain high humidity for a month after potting up the pups.

Guzmania Plant Care Tips: The Bromeliad
With The Vibrant Star Shaped Flower / JoyUsGarden

Display tips and Varieties

The handsome glossy leaves are spineless, so this bromeliad poses no danger when placed near activity areas. Moving a blooming plant to slightly lower light helps to intensify the color of the bracts. In order to draw out the beauty of the leaves, consider cleaning scarlet star leaves using damp cloth frequently.

There are numerous named varieties of Guzmania lingulata. The most popular is ‘Luna’, which produces a mauve spike. Others bloom yellow, red, or pinkish lavender. Varieties with reddish leaf markings often are not as vigorous as green-leafed selections.

Luna Guzmania lingulata
Luna Guzmania lingulata

Kalanchoe plant. How to grow and care for Kalanchoe

How to grow and care for Kalanchoe

In the middle of winter, it’s hard to resist a kalanchoe covered with clusters of red, pink, or orange flowers. The flowers last several weeks and the plants are quite easy to grow. Native to Madagascar, kalanchoes thrive outdoors in zone 9 (and higher if in the dappled shade). When growing indoors, it is very easy to care for this plant, given enough sunlight. To celebrate the blooming of flowering kalanchoe, wrap the pot with colorful cloth or paper, tied with ribbon or raffia.

Kalanchoe facts

What is the meaning and symbolism of the Kalanchoe succulent plant

The most popular name of the plant is Kalanchoe. However, the plant has several common names such as Flaming Katy plant, Widow’s thrill plant. Some varieties of kalanchoe have their own common name, too. For example Devil’s backbone, Panda plant or pussy ears, Chocolate soldier plant.

Kalanchoe is the symbol of Persistence and Eternal love
Kalanchoe is the symbol of Persistence and Eternal love

Kalanchoe plant has flowers that are beautiful and last for at least 8 weeks. The plant is the symbol of Persistence and Eternal love. And because it requires very little care and can tolerate drought and filtered sunlight, it’s also a greate gift for any occasions

How to pronounce

One of the most frequently asked questions is how to correctly pronounce Kalanchoe. The correct pronunciation is ka·luhn·KOW·ee

It’s ka·luhn·KOW·ee

How to make a kalanchoe succulent to bloom again

Before a kalanchoe will make buds, it must be exposed to a series of long, sunny days followed by at least 2 weeks of short days, less than 12 hours long. This is easy enough to accomplish by placing plants outdoors in summer and then bringing them indoors in late fall, just before nighttime temperatures drop below about 40°F/4°C. After you bring the plant in, keep it in a room where no lights are used at night.

When brought into bloom naturally, kalanchoes flower in January and February
When brought into bloom naturally, kalanchoes flower in January and February

When brought into bloom naturally, kalanchoes flower in January and February. To speed up the schedule, cover the plants with a box for 14 hours each night for 14 consecutive days in early fall, and let them have moderate light during the day. Blooms will appear about 6 weeks later

What to do after the flowers has bloomed?

After the plant flowering, snip off bloom-bearing branches after the flowers fade to preserve the handsome good looks of this plant. The plant will bloom after that with proper care

Snip off bloom-bearing branches after the flowers fade
Snip off bloom-bearing branches after the flowers fade

Is Kalanchoe plant poisonous for cats or dogs

Kalanchoe plant is unfortunately toxic to both cats and dogs alike. It can make your dogs and cats experience diarrhea or vomiting. The plant leaves and sap has cardiac glycosides which are highly poisonous to cats. And since cat size is small, it can experience serious harm when eating the leaves or flowers

Kalanchoe plant is unfortunately toxic to both cats
Kalanchoe plant is unfortunately toxic to both cats and dogs

How to care for a kalanchoe

Light: Bright direct sunlight indoors; filtered shade outdoors.

Temperature: From late spring to early fall, warm to very warm (70–90°F/21–32°C). In fall and winter, cool to average (50–70°F/10–21°C).

Fertilizer: From late spring to midwinter, feed with an all-purpose houseplant food monthly. From late winter to early spring, do not feed.

Water: From spring to fall, keep the soil lightly moist. In winter, allow the soil to dry out between light waterings.

Soil: Any good potting soil.

Repotting: Repot annually in early summer.

Longevity: 2 to 3 years, or indefinitely when propagated from stem cuttings.

Propagation: When plants are more than 2 years old, take stem cuttings and set them to root in small pots in late spring

How to Care for Flowering Kalanchoes Indoors / JoyUsGarden

Varieties

There are 125 to 200 varieties of Kalanchoe and they look very different. In addition to flowering kalanchoe, other interesting species include:

  • Devil’s backbone (Kalanchoe Diagremontiana), which is also known as “mother of thousands” because of the way it produces tiny, rooted plantlets along its leaf margins.
  • Panda plant or pussy ears (Kalanchoe Tomentosa) features thick gray-green felted leaves with reddish markings.
Devil’s backbone or Mother of thousands
Devil’s backbone or Mother of thousands
Panda plant or pussy ears
Panda plant or pussy ears Kalanchoe

Summary

Kalanchoe is the go-to plant for beginners as well as veteran house planter alike. The flowers can last 8-10 weeks and look cute and irresistible. It’s also easy to propagate and can be a perfect gift for any occasion. If you have cats, if you’re careful to keep the animal away from the plant then there’s nothing to worry about.

Peace Lily root rot disease and How to fix

Peace lily root rot is the most common disease

Peace lily plants are easy to grow and produce showy beautiful flowers. They are tough and resilient but susceptible to a few pests and diseases. Peace lily root rot is the most common one. Fortunately, it’s quite easy to fix if you take the correct action right away


What does root rot look like on Peace Lily plants?

Since Peace lily root is buried under soil, it’s hard to tell from the first glance if your Peace lily plant’s root is rotting away. There are two ways you can tell

  • Examine the plant
  • Examine the root

When looking at the plant, there are visible signs that telling you the plant is suffering:

  • Your peace lily plant looks droopy and yellow, wilting. This is because most of the root is rotted and the plant cannot get enough water and nutrition to the leaves
  • The soil is moist. One sign is that the leaves are still drooping even after you water the plant
Peace lily drooping even after watering
Peace lily drooping even after watering

If you see these signs you can carefully remove the peace lily plant from the soil and examine the root:

  • The root is squishy, looks small, unhealthy and black
  • Parts of the root is falling off when you touch it

With these signs, you now can be sure that your peace lily plant has root rot disease.

Rotting peace lily root
Rotting peace lily root
Healthy Peace lily root
Healthy Peace lily root

What cause root rot on Peace lily plant

There are many reasons that can lead to your Peace lily plant’s root rotting. But most possible causes are: overwatering and/or fungus

Over watered can cause peace lily roots to rot

One common mistake that house plant beginners have is watering their plants too much, and/or the containers don’t have a drainage hole. Thus leaving the root to sit on water too long

  • Water prevents the root from getting oxygen from the air and thus killing it off
  • Create a perfect environment for fungus and bugs to thrive causing all kinds of disease and problems with the plant

Root rot on Peace lily plant caused by fungus

Some times, the fungus can be transferred to your peace lily plant via infected soil or water. If your peace lily plant is weak and stressful. It will not be able to withstand the fungi. The reason for your plant to be stressful is numerous: overwatered, over-fertilized or the room is too hot, the humidity is too low. Even putting the plant constantly under air conditional can be a common cause for unhappy Peace lily


Treating Root rotting Peace Lily

The rule of thumb is you need to be quick and decisive when treating your Peace lily plant. The good news is that it’s not too complicated. If doing it correctly, your plant can bounce back good as new after several weeks and can grow new flowers. There are 3 essential steps to treat Peace Lily root rotting:

  • Remove the infected root part
  • Repotting correctly
  • Take good care after repotting the plant

Step 1 – Remove the rotting parts of the root

Remove the plant from the soil and remove the infected parts as soon as possible:

  • Remove the plant from the soil and remove exceed dirt on the root by washing it through by using clean running water. Do not use water that has chloride
  • Cut all the affected rotting roots of the peace lily plant by using a clean pair of scissors
  • Dip the root in fungus killer solution if possible

Step 2 – Repotting the plant

Repotting the plant using clean soil and clean container

  • The soil should be clean and dry. You should put the soil in direct sunlight for several days to dry if possible to kill all the
  • The container must have drainage holes in the bottom through which excess water can escape. It’s best to use a terra-cotta container because it dries quickly and improves air circulation.

Tips: You can grow the peace lily plant in clean water hydroponically for several weeks for the root to heal before putting it back into a container

Step 3 – Caring for Peace Lily after repotting

It’s crucial to take extra steps to care for your Peace Lily after the “surgery”. Besides the normal Peace Lily care below are some tips to make it easier for your plant to recover:

  • Do not overwater your peace lily plant. You should leave the soil to dry between watering
  • Do not fertilize your Peace Lily plant right away to reduce the stress of the plant
  • Discard the old soil and clean the old container, leave it in sunlight for several days if you want to reuse for other plants

Hopefully, after you follow the steps above, your Peace lily when recovering from the root rotting disease and rewards your hard work with shiny leaves and beautiful flowers.


Related articles

Flaming sword plant. How to care for Vriesea

How to grow and care for flaming sword plant
Flaming sword plant is one of the showiest bromeliads

Flaming sword plant is one of the showiest bromeliads. This houseplant features stiff, arching leaves banded with maroon, which form a tight vase in the center. Mature plants grow 20 in/50 cm tall and 24 in/60 cm wide.

  • Family: Bromeliaceae
  • Origin: Tropical America
  • Other names: Flaming Sword, Flaming Touch, Painted Feather, Zebra Bromeliad, Vriesea

Flaming Sword houseplants are not as easy to grow as some other bromeliads, but it will succeed when provided with bright light, warm temperatures, and moderate to high humidity. If all goes well, a 3- to 4-year-old plant will reward you with a tall, flattened flower spike, which is usually bright red, with small yellow flowers emerging from the bracts.

Flaming Sword houseplants are not as easy to grow as some other bromeliads, but it will succeed when provided with bright light, warm temperatures
Flaming Sword houseplants are not as easy to grow as some other bromeliads, but it will succeed when provided with bright light, warm temperatures

The spike persists for several weeks, after which the plant slowly declines while producing one or more offsets. Wait until the parent flaming sword plant is quite far gone to propagate a new plant from the pup.


Flaming swords prefer bright indirect light year-round, with some direct sun in winter

How to care for a Flaming Sword Plant

Light: Flaming swords prefer bright indirect light year-round, with some direct sun in winter.

Temperature: Warm (70–80°F/21–27°C) year-round.

Fertilizer: Feed flaming swords monthly with an all-purpose houseplant fertilizer mixed at half the normal strength. Feed the leaves, roots, and reservoir.

Water: Keep the soil lightly moist at all times, and refill the reservoir every 2 weeks with fresh water. Flaming sword plants prefer a humid room and mist weekly if possible

Soil: Flaming swords go well with Bromeliad mix or orchid potting soil.

Flaming swords go well with Bromeliad mix or orchid potting soil.
Flaming swords go well with Bromeliad mix or orchid potting soil.

Repotting: Repot young flaming swords after 2 years, and limit pot size for mature plants to 6 in/15 cm.

How long does flaming sword live?: Individual flaming sword plants live for 3 to 4 years.

Propagation: After flowering, the flaming sword bromeliad plant usually produces one robust pup. Allow it to grow until it is at least 8 in/20 cm tall before detaching it, potting it up, and discarding the parent plant.

Flaming sword plants develop new pup at the base of the plant
Flaming sword plants develop new pup at the base of the plant

Selections: There are many named varieties, which vary in leaf variegation and the shade of the flowering spike. Purchase plants that have not yet bloomed, or have just begun to produce a flowering spike.

Display tips: The dramatic leaf colors make the flaming sword plant a strong focal point even when it is not in bloom. Because of its width, it is a good plant to display on a raised platform, with smaller ferns or other low-light plants beneath it.

A 3- to 4-year-old plant will reward you with a tall, flattened flower spike
A 3- to 4-year-old plant will reward you with a tall, flattened flower spike

Peace Lily plant. How to Growth and Care for Spath plants

How to Growth and Care for Peace lilies

Peace lily plants (sometimes are called Spath, short for Spathiphyllum) are present in most offices, malls, and homes for good reason. They are easy to grow, produce showy, spoon-shaped flowers, and tolerate low light and average humidity. In NASA studies, peace lilies were found to help remove formaldehyde, benzene, and carbon monoxide from tainted indoor air. Small varieties grow to only 16 in/40 cm tall, with the largest ones often reaching 6 ft/1.8 m in height and width.


Piece Lily facts

What is the origin of Peace Lily name?

  • Despite the name, Peace Lily is not actually a true Lily at all
  • Peace lily got its common name because it was first spied by European explorers, probably growing wild on the banks of a stream, the white flowers reminded them of the traditional “white flag” used to signal no combat or surrender
  • Peace lilies are also commonly called Spath which is short for Spathiphyllum – its Latin name
Lily flowers
Peace Lily is not actually a true Lily at all

What is the meaning of Peace Lily?

  • The peace lily is the symbol of Peace, Sympathy, Resilient, Hope and Harmony
  • The plant is associated In Christianity with the Virgin Mary and the Eater season. It also symbolizes the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead
  • The peace lily is the perfect gift when you’re paying a visit to someone who is recovering from surgery
The peace lily is the perfect gift when you're paying a visit to someone who is recovering from surgery
The peace lily is the perfect gift when you’re paying a visit to someone who is recovering from surgery

What is the benefit of Peace lily plant?

According to the NASA Clean Air Study, Peace lilies were found to help remove 6 out of 6 harmful air chemical from tainted indoor air: Benzene, Formaldehyde, Trichloroethylene, Xylene and Toluene, Ammonia, Carbon monoxide

These chemicals are harmful for your health. For example, xylene vapors in small amounts can cause headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. With more serious exposure, xylene can cause sleepiness, stumbling, irregular heartbeat, fainting, or even death. Xylene vapors are mildly irritating to the skin, eyes, and lungs

Is Peace lily Toxic for pets? Is Peace Lily safe for your dogs and cats?

The peace lily is not actually poisonous. But in the stem and leaves of the plants contains calcium oxalate crystals which can cause mild irritation to your dogs, cats or children. Normally, if the dogs are not too distress, you can just rinse their mouth in the water and everything will be fine


Tips for newly purchased Peace Lilies

When purchased or received as gifts, peace lilies usually hold several flowers. Cut off these flowering stems when the blossoms ripen to green. Use a soft, damp cloth to wipe the dust from the foliage, and do not expect a fresh crop of blooms until the following summer.

Once plants have been nicely situated in a home or office for several months, they usually resume their natural bloom cycle. In addition to a flush of flowers in early summer, many cultivars continue to bloom intermittently throughout the year.

Peace lilies are easy to grow, produce showy, spoon-shaped flowers, and tolerate low light and average humidity
Peace lilies are easy to grow, produce showy, spoon-shaped flowers, and tolerate low light and average humidity

How to care for Peace Lily plants

  • Light: In fall and winter, low to moderate. In spring and summer, moderate to bright. When planting indoors, you should rotate the plant once in a while to make sure it grows evenly
  • Temperature: Average room temperatures (65–75°F/18–24°C) year-round.
  • FertilizerFrom spring through fall, feed monthly with a portion of balanced plant food that includes micro-nutrients, diluted to half the normal strength. In winter, feed every 6 weeks.
  • Water: Keep the soil lightly moist at all times, and avoid overwatering. Use room-temperature water.
  • Soil: Any good potting soil.
  • Repotting: Repot annually in spring to refresh the soil. This plant likes to be slightly rootbound.
  • Propagation: Peace lilies can live up to many years if divided every 5 years or so. Older peace lily plants can be propagated by dividing them in spring. Trim off leaves that fail in the weeks following division.
Older peace lily plants can be propagated by dividing them in spring
Older peace lily plants can be propagated by dividing them in spring
How to care for your Peace Lily by RHS – Royal Horticultural Society

Peace lily display tips and varieties

Dozens Peace lily varieties exist, varying in size, leaf color, and flowering habits.

  • Sensation: The giant peace lilies seen in malls and airports are usually Sensation, which grows to 6 ft/1.8 m tall.
  • Supreme is the most common variety sold in 10 in/25 cm pots.
  • Lynise has textured leaves and often grows to 36 in/90 cm tall.
The giant peace lilies seen in malls and airports are usually ‘Sensation’,
The giant peace lilies seen in malls and airports are usually Sensation

Display tips

The dark leaves of peace lily appear most refined when the plant is grown in a plain pot with a glossy finish. Display blooming plants on a low pedestal where the flowers can be easily seen.

Display blooming plants on a low pedestal where the flowers can be easily seen
Display blooming plants on a low pedestal where the flowers can be easily seen

Most common Peace Lily problems and How to fix them

5 most common Peace Lily problems and How to fix them

My peace lily plant’s leaf tips are brown/droopy stems

Answer: It’s possible that you over-fertilized and/or overwatered your plant.

Peace lily plant's leaf tips are brown droopy stems
Peace lily plant’s leaf tips are brown droopy stems

Allow soil to become nearly dry before watering. Water lightly yet frequently, and avoid soaking the soil. Use a very dilute fertilizer.

Peace Lillies leaves are pale and curled, leaf margins are brown.

Answer: Excessive light.

Peace lily cannot tolerate direct sun. Move it to a place that gets filtered light, or near an east window. In winter, peace lilies can accept light levels that are quite low.

Too much sun causes peace lily plants to have brown leaves
Too much sun causes peace lily plants to have brown leaves

The plant does not bloom. How to make peace lily to bloom again?

Peace Lillies usually blooms in cycles, with flowers produced mostly in spring and summer. Low light levels suppress blooming. Plants that are more than 5 years old may not bloom unless they are rejuvenated by dividing them.

To make the plant bloom again. In spring, move the plant to a slightly brighter location and feed and water it regularly. Divide old, overgrown plants.

Peace Lilly usually blooms in cycles, with flowers produced mostly in spring and summer
Peace Lilly usually blooms in cycles, with flowers produced mostly in spring and summer

Yellow margins on lowest leaves, or yellow edges on all leaves.

Answer: Too dry; micronutrient deficiency. You need to increase water and fertilizer. Use a dilute fertilizer that contains magnesium and iron, because peace lily is sensitive to deficiencies of these nutrients.

Peace lily plants has yellow leaves
Peace lily plants has yellow leaves

Small, dark-colored insects on flowers.

Answer: Your plant is having thrips. Large-flowered peace lilies, in particular, are attractive to thrips. Isolate plant from other blooming houseplants and implement control measures

Thrips on peace lily flowers
Thrips on peace lily flowers

Conclusion

Peace lily is a very versatile and easy to care for. To sum it up: Don’t overwater the plant, don’t put it near by heat source and give it dim to medium light to thrive. Most of the time, it will tell you when it need more lights or water

Hibiscus plant care guide and 4 common Hibiscus problems

Hibiscus plant care guide and 4 common Hibiscus problems
Hibiscus plant care guide and 4 common Hibiscus problems

The state flower of Hawaii, hibiscus bears the largest blossoms that can be produced by an indoor plant. Some measure more than 8 in/20 cm across, and all feature crepe-paper-textured petals that flare around a prominent yellow stamen. Individual blossoms last only 2 to 3 days, but well-adjusted plants often bloom intermittently from late spring to late fall.

The state flower of Hawaii, hibiscus bears the largest blossoms that can be produced by an indoor plant
The state flower of Hawaii, hibiscus bears the largest blossoms that can be produced by an indoor plant

Hibiscus plants need warmth, so they are best grown near a south or west window. If possible, move them outdoors in summer to a place where they will receive partial sun. Be sure to bring them back indoors before night temperatures fall to 50–55°F/10–13°C. You can control the size of your hibiscus by pruning the plant lightly in early summer and more aggressively in Autumn. Hibiscus blooms form on the tips of new branches, which emerge from just below where older branches are tipped back.

The hibiscus flower represents Okinawa, and there is no other that can look so beautiful against the pure blue sea and sky of southern Japan
The hibiscus flower represents Okinawa, and there is no other that can look so beautiful against the pure blue sea and sky of southern Japan

Hibiscus plant profile

Light: Bright, including some direct sun.

Temperature: Warm (65–85°F/18–29°C).

Fertilizer: From spring through summer, feed every 2 weeks with a balanced liquid fertilizer. In winter, feed monthly. Alternatively, fertilize twice yearly with a high-nitrogen, controlled-release fertilizer. Special hibiscus fertilizer has an analysis of 18-5-23.

Water: In warm weather, water as often as needed to keep the soil lightly moist at all times. In winter, allow the soil to dry to within 1 in/2.5 cm of the surface between waterings.

Soil: A light-textured potting soil that contains perlite and peat.

Repotting: Annually in fall, prune back stems by one-third, and also trim off about one-fourth of roots before repotting.

Longevity: 5 to 10 years for most hybrids.

Propagation: Many hibiscuses can be propagated by rooting 6 in/ 15 cm-long stem tip cuttings. Many hibiscuses are grafted onto special rootstocks, so rooted cuttings may not show the vigor of their parent.

Selections: There are dozens of named varieties in shades of pink, blue, red, and yellow, with many colors.

  • Dragon’s Breath features bold red, 8 in/20 cm blossoms with white swirls in the centers.
  • The Path is bold yellow with magenta centers.
Dragon’s Breath hibiscus
Dragon’s Breath hibiscus
The Path Hibiscus
The Path Hibiscus

Display tips: Grow plants in pots that can be slipped inside larger planters equipped with wheels so they are easy to move outdoors in summer.

Problems and troubleshooting

Buds drop off soon after they form.

CAUSE: Environmental stress or weak cultivar.

REMEDY: Any type of stress that strikes when buds are swelling can cause plants to give up their will to bloom. Water attentively after bud appear and avoid moving bud-bearing plants unnecessarily. Varieties that produce large, double flowers are more likely to drop buds than those that bear single blossoms.

Leaves turn yellow and drop off.

CAUSE: Normal in fall, but excessive leaf drop can be caused by a sudden reduction in light.

REMEDY: Plants that are grown outdoors in summer — and even those kept indoors year-round — often shed some of their leaves when returned to comparatively dim indoor rooms. To keep shedding to a minimum, gradually accustom plants to less light.

Leaves turn yellow and drop off
Leaves turn yellow and drop off

Leaves appear parched, with pale yellow specks.

CAUSE: Spider mites.

REMEDY: Prevent this problem by washing off leaf undersides with plenty of water once a month. See page 276 for details on identifying this pest. If spider mites are present, isolate the plant, prune off badly infested branches, and spray plant daily with water. Use insecticidal soap if the problem persists.

Leaves small and misshapen.

CAUSE: Too much phosphorous in fertilizer.

REMEDY: Some hibiscuses are sensitive to high amounts of phosphorous (the middle number in a fertilizer’s analysis). Leach pots as described on page 263 and switch to a low-phosphorous fertilizer.